Patents are regulated under the Indian Patent Law through The Patents Act, 1970. It is an Intellectual Property Right for an invention developed or to be developed granted to the patentee by the Government of India. Through Patent Registration patentee is able to control the use, make sale or import of the patented product or process for producing that product without the consent of the patentee. The registration certificate issued under Patent Act is valid for a period of 20 years. Patents protection is valid only within the territorial limits of India, however an application for the same invention can be filled in other convention countries within a period of 12 months from the filling date in India.
An application for registration under patent can be filed either by true and first inventor or his assignee, either alone or jointly with any other person. A legal representative of any deceased person can also make an application for patent.